|Arizona Unicorn mantis log
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(01-06-2008) Worrying that male of this species may dead sooner than female just like the Zoolea sp. and the Texas unicorn, i
have decided to mate a pair just 2 weeks after they matured into adult. Under warm temp. of around 95F, the male didn't hesitate
to advance and mounted the female almost immediately. Just 3 days later, she produced an ootheca!! By now i have 3 adult males
and around 8 adult females, where 4 female have been mated. Stramge enough, although being kept at the same condition, i still
have 3 nymphs of this species that appear to be way behind and need at least 3 more moults to mature. Life is strange
sometimes and in bug's life anything could happen.
(01-13-08) This species loves to mate!! I have never seen another species more willing to pair up than this species. No
cannibalism and no shy!! (not even camera shy although female gets annoy with threat pose sometimes!) With this rate i will be
able to mate all adult female in no time. Males are still doing well, surprisingly.
(01-20-08) Female continue to produce oothecae and continue to feed despite of the cooler weather. Surprisingly, male continue
to survive and continue to mate with different females. Unlike Texas unicorn, the male of Arizona unicorn appear to live much
(01-27-08) Finally, the first casualty from the male, he seems to be easily panicking and showing threat pose frequently. upon
closer look, he appear to be injured, must have been inflicted from the mating so it can be concluded that his demised is due to
injury. The other two male appear to be healthy and still mating with the rest of the female.
(02-03-08) This species is as productive as Texas unicorn mantis, lower temperature does not stop them from slowing down the
production as long as they are well fed. I am down to only one adult male left, i only have three to start with anyway, and they have
proceed to mate with 8 adult females on multiple occasion. So as expected, the male for this species doesn't last very long either,
but they are definitely the most eager to mate mantis for me.
(02-10-08) I couldn't find time to care for this species except for feeding them. Still waiting for the first ooth to hatch, wish the
weather is warmer now. Female continue to produce ootheca frequently. Male of this species appear to live slightly longer than
the other two "sibling" species. Namely the Zoolea sp. and Pseudovates arizonae. So far this has to be the most robust species
in my mantis culture.
(02-17-08) My first generation finally hatched out recently, one produced about 45 nymphs and another about 76 nymphs. So glad
to be able to complete a generation. The ootheca incubation period appear to be the same as Texas unicorn mantis, which is
about 34-40 days when kept around 80-85F. I have my last female matured into adult 2 weeks ago and i mated her with my last
adult male. However, i have two subadult male which stubbornly stucked on subadult stage. So i will remate the female again
(24-02-2008) I have traded loads of oothecae recently before the hatchling buried me, but still have hundreds of them, some of
the 1st generation have molted into L2. One of the thing i noted was that never throw away the ooth 1 day after hatching, i see
late boomer hatching out 3 days after the first hatching!
Well maybe I shouldn’t be so sure about putting this wild collected ooth into this section too early. But I will leave this here for
now until it is proof otherwise. Back to the story, an ootheca was collected during my trip in Tucson, AZ. The ootheca appear to
look like of this species, but I am also aware that some other Vates or Pseudovates sp. May exist in this area. However, I was
told that Tucson has previously recorded this species in the past. Will just wait for the ootheca to hatch, hopefully it is not an
The oothecae hatched out a week ago!! The nymphs appear to resemble the Arizona unicorn mantis. About 55 healthy nymphs
hatched. I am keeping them hot at around 90-95F/40% right now. Only time can tell if this will turn out to be the Pseudovates
(9-27-08) Some molted into L2 recently, i noticed few lost a leg during molting so i promptly increase the misting frequency. The
nymphs drank immediately, telling me i must have been keeping them too dry under the heat source. At L2, they still look like
Arizona unicorn to me. But i couldn't really see the lobe on the leg yet.
9-30-08: Almost all L1 nymphs have molted into L2. Some have resumed feeding. Same hot condition been provided for this
species so far. Planning to cool it down a little bit in the next 2-3 months to simulate the cooler winter weather in Arizona.
10-07-08: Few nymphs couldn't make it, i wonder what happen but think it might be the temperature. I decided to speed up the
cooler temperature down to only 80F max. The rest still appear to grow up fine and have molted into L3
10-12-08: I would put my money on this species even they are only at L3. I realized that this species will prefer larger prey once
it hits L3. Some would rather starve themselves than picking up smaller food like fruit flies. So i decided to feed them house fly
and that seems to work. I hope to at least breed this batch to the next generation. This is such a mysterious species couple of
year ago. Now it is getting common and no one is paying attention on them. I bet some time in the future someone will ask what
happen to this species... well hope my prediction never come true.
10-18-08: The growth for this species slow down, maybe as the cooler winter approaches they also slow down their growth in
the wild. Besides, food become less in winter. I am still keeping them warm with plenty of food but that doesn't really help in
speeding up their growth rate.
10-22-08: Most nymphs have molted into L4 by now. They are happily taking down the house flies without problem. I can see the
lobes on the leg so I see no reason why this is not Pseudovates now. Hopefully it is of P. arizonae. I am keeping them around
11-02-08: Another molt and they are about an inch now. I suspect it will be another 2 months before i can see an adult. They are
definitely the AZ unicorn mantis now with lobes on abdomen and legs. Currently i feed them lot of pollen coated house flies, but
they do not feed constantly like the Hierodula patellifera.
12-02-08:Time flies and some of this species has reach subadult stage although i see nymphs of all different stages in the net
cage as i am still keeping them in group. They are once again showing tolerance towards each other when stay in group. i am
hoping this group represent the new bloodline for the existing pool being kept among hobbyists. I have heard of many failing to
breed them so hopefully this new batch could continue to carry on for another generation.
(3/19/09) The batch from Tucson is taking forever to mature. Apart from couple of female which matured (“prematurely”?) The
rest of the group remains at subadult for a long time. It is getting warm around here so I hope they will begin to molt into adult
soon. I am increasing the temperature and misting frequency and hope that would encourage molting for the last time. The
batch I received from Poland (Third generation from my original stock) is growing quick nevertheless and some are just 2-3
molts away. I still believe they are the same species. I hope at least a male mature soon so I can pair the lone adult female that
has been adult for at least 2 months. I hope to continue with this species if possible.
3/19/09: Finally one female from the long waited group mature into adult. I am now waiting for a male to mature but i am in no
hurry as i know the female can last a long time.
7/24/09: Unfortunately, the mantis don't do well during my trip and many were lost. I was left with three adult female and no
male. I sent all of them to a bug zoo in Canada for the exhibition. I am pretty upset because there was this new bloodline i was
hoping to add into our current spread. Well, this is the last update.