Paraguay Unicorn Mantis log
Zoolea sp
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(9-22-07) These species takes a long time to grow, they have been staying on the 3rd instar for a while. I am keeping them cooler
(75F) and mist on daily basis. The lobes are very apparent now. Still feeding on large fruit flies.
(10-4-07) This species does not grow very fast, the largest one is at 4th instar. I have started to keep them warmer at 80F to
speed up the growth, i assumed that the weather is turning warmer in the southern Hemisphere (where this species is from).
(10-14-07) Still taking its own sweet time to grow, but most of them has reach the 5th instar and they look fantastic for now. The
weather here in Texas is not getting any cooler yet so i have no problem keeping them warm for now.
(10-28-07) I noticed they started to speed up the growth tremendously and taking in lot of food recently as i keep the temperature
high at 85-90F to simulate the warmer temperature now in southern Hemisphere. I have some subadult males and sub-subadult
female, looking forward to see them mature into adult, hopefully next month.
(11-04-07) Some female molted into subadult and I expect the adult to be a good size specimen. I have noticed a speed up in size
on the last few molts. They also feed on lot of blue bottles. Can't wait to see the adult specimen for sure. It will be interesting to
mate them and go on to see another generation.
(11-11-07) More subadult for my culture, but still no adult yet. I am hoping some male will mature soon. I believe in another week i
will see the first adult (male). They are feeding on blue bottle like crazy, their appetite has obviously increase tremendously
compare to when they are just at 3rd or 4th instar stage.
(11-18-07) Some subadult male is very close to molting into adult, and females are  subadult now. I have a chance to take a few
more pics of the subadult male, and found out that male has 7 spikes on the abdomen instead if looked carefully. Whereas female
has 5 spikes still.
p/s: i have a chance to check the cage and one of the male just molted into adult!!
(11-24-07) Finally few females started to moult into adult over the pass few weeks. The females are gorgeous looking, a good 3.5
inches long and colorful. All the specimen are being kept individually although i have them kept together till subadult. I now have at
least 4 adult pair, so I will give them another 2-3 weeks before pairing them up. Will definately keep everyone update on the next
phase which is breeding.
(12-02-07) More adult specimen matured without any mismolting issue. They appear to be tougher than its fragile look. Now i am
hoping the female can be bred as easy as they molt. I am feeding them more assorted food such as roach, moth, and even
spiders. Their growth had sped up tremendously right after Fall and out growth the
P. arizonae which at one point the same stage.
(12-16-07) I have about 4 adult female and 7 adult male up to now, more nymphs are developing the swelling budwing so i should
have more adult to come. I am getting rid of some nymphs to reduce my work load.
(12-24-07) Finally i witnessed mating from this species after almost 2 weeks leaving some males together with a female. One of
the male decided to mate with the female, they appear to live together without issue. Definately more tolerate than Texas unicorn
mantis where female tends to inflict injury on advancing male. However, this species does not seem to keen on mating. I hae 2
mated female so far. Loking forward to the first ootheca soon.
(12-29-07) Yep couple of oothecae were produced over the past two days by two separate adult female. Adult male of this species
does not seem to be interested in pairing up with the female although the adult female appear to be ready after 2 weeks. But i am
glad that i have at least 4 mated adult female now. I'm just leaving them together in a group with plenty of flies, they appear to do
well together. Texas unicorn male usually die sooner than female, so i wonder if this will be the same for Paraguay unicorn.
Hopefully the ooth will hatch.
(01-06-08) Male of this species starting to drop like flies!! Appear to be the same problem for another unicorn species which is the
Texas unicorn. I wonder if the same would happen to Arizona unicorn, my guess is it will! However, i have at least 4 mated female
at the moment so chances of getting another generation from this is pretty good. I have another female moulted into adult
yesterday and also a pair of subadult. So hopefully there is still chance for me to mate all females. Looking forward for the first
ooth to hatch.
(01-13-08) The cooler weather appear to slow down their ootheca production. However, mating is still observed occasionally.
Female also appear to hold on to ootheca laying although with huge abdomen, the delay could be due to cooler weather but i am
not too sure.
(01-20-08) More mated female being mated, but i witnessed the first cannibalism during mating, although this species appear to
be communal. Female appear to live a longer life compared to male. So lesson learn here is that try to keep the male individually
and take a good care of them as they will more likely to die sooner. More oothecae being produced so hopefully there will be next
generation appear soon.
(02-10-08) My last pair matured into adult, they must have taken close to 4 months to mature! still waiting for the first ooth to
hatch, hopefully soon. Females of this species do not produce ootheca very often. Probably just once a month. However, i do not
keep them too warm so that might be the reason. However, they do feed very often. Here is the pic of another female right after
laying her second ooth.
(02-17-08) Brought the last mature pair together, and it took the male a day before making his move. But since this species is not
very aggressive towards each other i was not really worry leaving them together. THe rest of the female continue to produce
oothecae, i can only wish the first one hatched out soon.